Top 10 Most dangerous countries of World by murder rate 2023

In the intricate tapestry of global societies, the prevalence of crime, and particularly murder rates, serves as a poignant reflection of various underlying factors. The year 2017 witnessed a stark divergence in the safety of nations, as delineated by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime’s Global Study on Homicide 2019.

This study, a meticulous compilation of data, laid bare the chilling statistics that defined the ten countries with the highest murder rates per 100,000 people. From the perilous landscapes of Central America to the shores of the Caribbean and beyond, these figures not only signify numerical values but also encapsulate a narrative of societal dynamics, echoing the interplay of socioeconomic, political, and cultural forces that shape the destinies of nations.

This exploration invites us to delve into the nuanced intricacies that contribute to the alarming variations in homicide rates across the globe.

Here’s a summary of the countries with the highest murder rates per 100,000 inhabitants in 2017, along with brief explanations for each:

  1. El Salvador (52.02): Known for its high crime rates, largely attributed to gang violence and organized crime.
  2. Jamaica (43.85): Struggles with gang-related activities and drug trafficking, contributing to its high homicide rate.
  3. Lesotho (43.56): Faces challenges with poverty and political instability, which may contribute to its high murder rate.
  4. Honduras (38.93): Experiences issues with drug trafficking and gang violence, significantly impacting its homicide statistics.
  5. Belize (37.79): Similar to other countries in the region, gang violence and drug trafficking are major contributors to the high murder rate.
  6. Venezuela (36.69): Political and economic turmoil, alongside high levels of corruption and organized crime, have led to increased violence.
  7. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (36.54): While smaller than other countries on the list, it faces issues with violent crime, potentially related to drug trafficking.
  8. South Africa (36.40): Struggles with a high level of violent crimes, including murders, often linked to socio-economic disparities.
  9. Saint Kitts and Nevis (36.09): Despite its small size, it experiences a relatively high murder rate, possibly influenced by drug-related crimes.
  10. Nigeria (34.52): Faces challenges with communal conflicts, insurgent groups, and widespread poverty, influencing its crime rates.

These homicide rates are influenced by a complex interplay of factors, including socio-economic conditions, political instability, organized crime, and drug trafficking.


The unsettling statistics presented by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime’s Global Study on Homicide 2019 beckon us to grapple with the multifaceted challenges that underpin the pervasive issue of murder rates worldwide.

As we reflect upon the stark numbers that define the most perilous corners of our planet, it becomes evident that these statistics are not mere data points but windows into the complex dynamics of societies grappling with inequality, unemployment, political instability, and the ominous specter of organized crime.

To address the specter of high murder rates, a holistic approach that encompasses social, economic, and political dimensions is imperative. Only through a collective and concerted effort can nations hope to untangle the intricate web that contributes to the prevalence of violence and work towards fostering environments where safety and security become inherent components of the human experience.