The 25 U.S. Cities With the Largest Homeless Populations: An Insight into the Urban Challenge of 2024

As we step into 2024, homelessness remains one of the most pressing social challenges in the United States. It is a complex issue, often intertwined with factors like affordable housing, mental health, and economic disparities. Understanding which cities have the largest homeless populations is crucial for policymakers, social workers, and community leaders to address this issue effectively.

This article presents an overview of the 25 U.S. cities with the largest homeless populations in 2024, based on recent data. These cities highlight the diverse nature of homelessness across the country and underscore the varying challenges and needs in addressing this critical issue.

The West Coast Predominance

  1. Los Angeles, CA: Continues to have one of the nation’s largest homeless populations, with over 65,000 individuals experiencing homelessness​​.
  2. San Francisco, CA: Known for its high cost of living, San Francisco faces a significant homelessness crisis, with a notable percentage of unsheltered individuals.
  3. Seattle, WA: Seattle has seen a rise in homelessness, with over 57% of its homeless population living without shelter​​.
  4. San Jose, CA: Faces a high proportion of unsheltered homeless people, reflecting the broader housing crisis in the Silicon Valley area.
  5. Oakland, CA: Alongside Berkeley, it’s part of Alameda County, which has a considerable homeless population, challenged by rising rents and housing shortages.
  6. Sacramento, CA: The state capital also faces homelessness challenges, with thousands living without shelter.
  7. San Diego, CA: Has a significant homeless population, although efforts have been made to increase shelter options and services.
  8. Portland, OR: Known for its progressive policies, Portland faces a homelessness crisis exacerbated by affordable housing shortages.
  9. Long Beach, CA: Faces similar challenges as other California cities, with a high cost of living impacting homelessness.
  10. Fresno, CA: Has a considerable number of unsheltered individuals, reflecting broader statewide challenges.

East Coast and Other Regions

  1. New York City, NY: Despite having a “right to shelter” mandate, New York City has a large homeless population, with over 61,000 individuals in 2022​​.
  2. Philadelphia, PA: Most of its homeless population resides in temporary shelter or transitional housing.
  3. Boston, MA: Known for its high proportion of sheltered homeless people.
  4. Washington, D.C.: The nation’s capital faces its own unique challenges with homelessness, particularly in its downtown areas.
  5. Baltimore, MD: Struggles with homelessness amidst urban renewal and economic challenges.

The South and Midwest

  1. Miami, FL: While only one Florida city appears in the top 25, Miami faces significant homelessness issues, particularly among veterans and the chronically homeless.
  2. Atlanta, GA: Has been implementing various strategies to address its homeless situation, focusing on transitional housing and support services.
  3. New Orleans, LA: Continues to grapple with homelessness, especially in the wake of natural disasters and economic downturns.
  4. Houston, TX: Has a regional approach to homelessness, coordinating efforts across city and suburban areas​​.
  5. Dallas, TX: Faces homelessness challenges, with efforts focused on affordable housing and support services.
  6. Chicago, IL: With a significant homeless population, Chicago has focused on a combination of shelter and long-term housing solutions.
  7. Detroit, MI: Continues to address homelessness, particularly in its downtown areas and amid economic revitalization efforts.
  8. Phoenix, AZ: The city, along with Mesa, has a considerable homeless population, with a focus on shelter and transitional housing services.
  9. San Antonio, TX: Faces challenges with homelessness, particularly among veterans and youth.
  10. Columbus, OH: Has been working on expanding its shelter system and providing more permanent housing solutions.


The list of the 25 U.S. cities with the largest homeless populations in 2024 highlights the pervasive nature of homelessness across the country. It underscores the need for tailored approaches that consider local conditions and resources. Addressing homelessness effectively requires a combination of affordable housing, mental health services, job training, and comprehensive support systems.

As cities continue to grapple with this issue, it becomes increasingly important for community involvement, policy innovation, and sustained efforts to provide solutions that not only address immediate needs but also tackle the root causes of homelessness.