Most Homeless States in the US in 2023

In 2023, the United States witnessed a significant escalation in homelessness, marking a 12% increase from the previous year, with approximately 653,100 individuals experiencing homelessness on a single night​​. This rise underscores a complex issue deeply intertwined with housing affordability, economic disparities, and systemic failures across the nation.

The Epicenters of Homelessness

California, renowned for its vast economy and population, leads the country with the highest number of homeless individuals, approximately 161,548, making up nearly 27.89% of the nation’s total homeless population.

Following California is New York, with a considerable homeless population of 91,271, attributed significantly to its urban centers like New York City​​. These two states, along with others such as Hawaii, New York, Washington, Maine, and Alaska, exhibit some of the highest homeless rates per capita in the nation​​.

Urban areas, particularly New York City and Los Angeles, are particularly impacted, housing nearly a quarter of all homeless individuals in the country. Other cities like Seattle, San Diego, and Denver also report high numbers of homelessness, reflecting a broader trend of urban centers grappling with this crisis​​.

Demographic Insights and Increases

The homeless population encompasses a diverse demographic, including individuals, families, veterans, and youths. In 2023, nearly 28% of the homeless population were people in families with children, indicating a significant rise in family homelessness, which had previously seen a decreasing trend​​.

Moreover, children under 18 and young adults aged 18-24 represent a substantial portion of the homeless demographic, highlighting the acute vulnerability of younger populations​​.

Racial and ethnic disparities persist within the homeless population, with Black, Latino, American Indian, Alaska Native, Pacific Islander, or Native Hawaiian communities disproportionately represented. Black individuals, for instance, comprise 13% of the U.S. population but accounted for 37% of the homeless population in 2023​​. Such disparities reflect broader societal inequities that contribute to the homelessness crisis.

The Rising Crisis and Efforts to Combat It

The increase in homelessness in 2023 is attributed to a combination of factors, including the expiration of the American Rescue Plan’s housing and homelessness prevention measures, economic instability, and the persistent issue of housing affordability​​. This crisis is further exacerbated by the challenges faced in major cities, where the concentration of homelessness is highest due to factors such as high living costs, lack of affordable housing, and limited access to social services​​.

Efforts to address homelessness have been multifaceted, focusing on emergency housing, supportive services, and long-term solutions like affordable housing development and homelessness prevention programs. Yet, the continuous rise in homelessness calls for a more robust and sustained response at both state and federal levels to tackle the root causes of homelessness effectively.


The state of homelessness in the US in 2023 paints a stark picture of a nation struggling to ensure housing security for all its citizens. While the issue is most visible in states like California and New York, it is a nationwide crisis that demands comprehensive solutions addressing economic inequality, housing affordability, and support services.

As we move forward, it is crucial to foster collaborative efforts among government, non-profits, and communities to create sustainable pathways out of homelessness, ensuring that every individual has access to the basic right of stable, affordable housing.

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