Between trips abroad, many for treatment of her ailments, and then recovery in seclusion at home, Chamorro spent more time off the stump than on during the most crucial phase of the campaign.

She retained Humberto Ortega as a military leader during her peace reforms, which have been the most enduring thus far. MANAGUA, Nicaragua (AP) — Former Nicaraguan President Violeta Barrios de Chamorro was in “delicate condition” in a Managua hospital early Tuesday after suffering a cerebral embolism, her family said. She is 91 years old and is a Libra. First Name Violeta #4. Opting not to run for re-election, Chamorro handed over the presidency to Arnoldo Aleman after the October 1996 democractic election. For whom was Bolivia named? Chamorro was thrust into politics by her husband’s assassination and stunned the world in 1990 by ousting the ruling Sandinista party led by Daniel Ortega in presidential elections. role as an anti-Somoza forum. Violeta Barrios de Chamorro, known to friends and supporters as "Doña Violeta," was born in the rural southern Nicaraguan town of Rivas in 1930. He was assassinated on January 10 1978.

That opposition had caused much of the Chamorro family to seek exile (1944-1948), but upon their return Pedro, now publisher of La Prensa, maintained its (AP Photo/Kathy Willens, File), Connect with the definitive source for global and local news. About Violeta Chamorro. "Pedro and I are the descendants of men who were in the top echelons of Nicaragua's social structure," she writes proudly. Many credit her conciliatory policies with helping to maintain the fragile peace that had been negotiated. 91 Year Old #43.

Raul Castro.

Chamorro, undeterred by her husband's death, continued, with her newspaper, to help lead the opposition to Somoza, calling for a return to democracy. Abdul Kalam. Like the rest of her class, she could barely hide her contempt for the arriviste Somozas or, in a different way, for the far humbler Ortegas. MANAGUA, Nicaragua (AP) — Former Nicaraguan President Violeta Barrios de Chamorro was in "delicate condition" in a Managua hospital early Tuesday after suffering a cerebral embolism, her family said. During the 1980s she was accused by the Sandinistas of accepting money from the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, which was then providing support to opposition groups and directing the Contra rebels in their guerrilla war against the Sandinista government. She currently resides in Nicaragua. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription.

Promised aid of 100 million USD was denied in 1992. The election of Violeta Chamorro and the problems she faced were described by Johanna McGeary, "But Will it Work?" Politician who was the President of Nicaragua from 1990 to 1997. That opposition had caused much of the Chamorro family to seek exile (1944-1948), but upon their return Pedro, now publisher of La Prensa, maintained its role as an anti-Somoza forum. She was well-educated and moved to the United States for a portion of her early years to attend school and learn English. She was the recipient of the Isaiah Thomas Award in Publishing from the Rochester Institute of Technology. Chamorro’s parents sent her to American boarding schools, first Our Lady of the Lakes (Texas) and then Blackston (Virginia). She was notably the first elected female head of state in the Americas as well as a successful publisher. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). She took over La Prensa, which was frequently shut down during the 1980s and was banned completely for a period in 1986–87. She attended a Catholic girls' school in San Antonio, Texas, and a small college in Virginia before being called home in 1948 upon her father's unexpected death by heart attack. Pedro Chamorro, so vocal and visible a foe of the regime, was murdered by Somoza thugs in 1978, becoming one of the chief martyrs of the evolving Sandinista revolutionary movement. Indeed, the actual ratios were almost the opposite of those predicted, with Chamorro and UNO swept to victory with 55 percent of the votes cast, to only 41 percent for the incumbent Sandinistas and a smattering for several minor parties. World Leaders. An assessment of her first year in office was made by Edward Cody, The Washington Post (April 7, 1991). This coalition, which embraced such disparate dissident factions as right-wing businessmen and ranchers and the nation's official Communist Party, was "united" by one single purpose—to remove the Sandinistas from power. She was Central America’s first woman president. When she first allied herself with the Sandinistas in 1979, it was in part because the revolutionary leaders had cleverly She resigned in 1980 and turned to the opposition: the Contra.

She currently resides in Nicaragua.



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