", Nonnus, Dionsyiaca 18.
Uranus (/ˈjʊərənəs/ (listen) YOOR-ə-nəs, /jʊəˈreɪnəs/ (listen) yoor-AY-nəs; sometimes written Ouranos (Ancient Greek: Οὐρανός, romanized: Ouranós [oːranós]) meaning "sky" or "heaven") was the primal Greek god personifying the sky and one of the Greek primordial deities.
According to Greek mythology and the ancient Greek religion, the Titans were the pre-Olympian gods. For example, an ancient belief prevailed throughout Greece that Caelus (Sky) [Ouranos (Uranus)] was mutilated by his son Saturnus [Kronos (Cronus)], and Saturnus himself thrown into bondage by his son Jove [Zeus] : now these immoral fables enshrined a decidedly clever scientific theory.  Alcman and Callimachus elaborate that Uranus was fathered by Aether, the god of heavenly light and the upper air. . Guterbock, Hans Gustav. : Pseudo-Hyginus, Preface (trans. , In Hesiod's Theogony, Uranus is the offspring of Gaia, the earth goddess.
Out of the drops of his blood sprang the Gigantes, the Melian nymphs, and according to some, Silenus, and from the foam gathering around his limbs in the sea, sprang Aphrodite (Hes. 13).
Uranus and Gaia married, and together they had about eighteen children. So they sent her to Lyetos (Lyettus), to the rich land of Krete (Crete), when she was ready to bear great Zeus, the youngest of her children. After Uranus was deposed, Cronus re-imprisoned the Hekatonkheires and Cyclopes in Tartarus.
: Gaia plotted against Uranus with the Titans. He was married to the Earth mother Gaia (and, quite interestingly, he was also her son which really IS kind of racy! : But when she was about to bear Zeus, the father of gods and men, then she besought her own dear parents, Gaia and starry Ouranos, to devise some plan with her that the birth of her dear child might be concealed, and that retribution might overtake great, crafty Kronos for his own father and also for the children whom he had swallowed down. Gerber, Vol. Outside Greek mythology, several deities share similar myths with those of Uranus. Uranus was scarcely regarded as anthropomorphic, aside from the genitalia in the castration myth. "He [Ouranos (Uranus)] who once was mighty, swelling with insolence for every fight, he shall not even be named as having ever existed; and he [Kronos (Cronus)] who arose later, he has met his overthrower [Zeus] and is past and gone. : Homeric Hymn 2 to Demeter 5 ff (trans.
Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) :
23-25) (trans. ", Orphica, Epicuras Fragment (from Epiphanius) : He was married to the Earth mother Gaia (and, quite interestingly, he was also her son which really IS kind of racy!).
"After Chaos, when the world acquired three elements and the whole structure shifted to new forms, earth subsided with its weight and dragged the seas [Pontos] down, but lightness lifted the heavens [Ouranos (Uranus)] up high.
"And he [Epicurus] says that the world began in the likeness of an egg, and the Wind [probably Khronos (Time) and Ananke (Inevitability) entwined] encircling the egg serpent-fashion like a wreath or a belt then began to constrict nature. It was probably similar in most respects to Hesiod's, but with a few significant points of divergence--Ouranos (Uranus), Gaia (Gaea) and Pontos, for example, were apparently represented as children of Aither (Aether, Upper Air) and Hemera (Day).
[4.1] APHRODITE (born of his castrated genitals cast into the sea) (Hesiod Theogony 188, Philostratus Elder 2.1, Apuleius 6.6, Nonnus Dionysiaca 1.86, et. Together, Uranus and Gaia had many offspring, including the Titans, pre-Olympian gods and goddesses; the Cyclopes, the one-eyed giants and the Hecatoncheires, giants who had fifty heads and one hundred hands.
: Akmon (Acmon) may be a name for Aither (Aether). ), THE MELIAI (born of the blood of his castration to Gaia) (Hesiod Theogony 184)
Fowler) (Greek philosopher C4th B.C.) ], Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 5. "[During the War of the Titanes (Titans) :] The boundless sea rang terribly around, and the earth crashed loudly: wide heaven (ouranos) was shaken and groaned . 17 (trans.
"Mother of the gods [Gaia (Gaea)], wife of starry (asteroentos) Ouranos (Uranus). i.75) (trans. 126, &c.; comp. Walsh) (Roman novel C2nd A.D.) : Nonnus, Dionysiaca 1. Four of these positioned themselves at the corners of the world, ready to grasp their father as he descended to lie with Earth, while the fifth, Kronos (Cronus), took his place in the centre and there castrated Ouranos with an adamantine sickle. "The Titanes, children of Ouranos (Uranus, Heaven) and Khthon (Chthon, Earth) [Gaia]. "[Khalkiope (Chalciope) addresses her sister Medea :] ‘Swear by Gaia (Gaea, Earth) and Ouranos (Uranus, Sky) that you will keep what I say to yourself and work in league with me . Its crown became Ouranos (Uranus, Heaven), and what had sunk downwards, Gaia (Gaea, Earth). ", Anacreon, Fragment 505d (from Fulgentius, Mythologies) (trans. Uranus’ consort is Gaia, goddess of the earth and his mother.
9 ff (trans.Boyle) (Roman poetry C1st B.C.
He married Ge (Gaea, Earth) and sired first the Hekatonkheires (Hecatoncheires), who were names Briareos (Briareus), Gyes and Kottos (Cottus).
Uranus and Gaia then prophesied that Cronus in turn was destined to be overthrown by his own son, and so the Titan attempted to avoid this fate by devouring his young. . 2 (trans. In return for this happy omen, and particularly because it was indeed followed by victory, he put a golden eagle on his war standards and dedicated it as a protection for his valour.
549 ff (trans. As Uranus could no longer impregnate Gaea, he simply took up his place as the bowl of the sky who was held aloft by his grandson Atlas, the son of Uranus’ son Iapetus and Clymene, an ocean nymph. There are several variations of his origins.
Learn how and when to remove this template message, "NYX - Greek Primordial Goddess of the Night (Roman Nox)", Treasury of Greek Mythology: Classic Stories of Gods, Goddesses, Heroes & Monsters, Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. and he made them live beneath the wide-pathed earth, where they were afflicted, being set to dwell under the ground, at the end of the earth, at its great borders, in bitter anguish for a long time and with great grief at heart. Deor. 71. "When the fertile drops from Ouranos (Uranus), spilt with a mess of male gore, hand given infant shape to the fertile foam and brought forth the Paphian [Aphrodite]. : Apuleius, The Golden Ass 6. .
", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 7.
Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. 2 Kouretes were born from rainwater (Uranus fertilizing Gaia). : Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C.) .
Therefore, it can be said that without Uranus, Greek mythology would have taken a much different turn. What is anomalous is that, while the others take Roman names, Uranus is a name derived from Greek in contrast to the Roman Caelus. Uranus was the son of Gaia, the primordial goddess of the earth.  Uranus and Gaia were the parents of the first generation of Titans, and the ancestors of most of the Greek gods, but no cult addressed directly to Uranus survived into Classical times, and Uranus does not appear among the usual themes of Greek painted pottery.