The Iroquois Shoreline marks the extent of a prehistoric lake, Glacial Lake Iroquois, whose level was quite a bit higher than present-day Lake Ontario's. Quick facts about the City, including population, land area, average household income and more. Alderman was changed to councillor. [50], In 1974, the Toronto Zoo was moved from its original downtown location to its current location in the Rouge River valley. Beginning at Kennedy station, Line 3 Scarborough, also known as the Scarborough RT, runs north and east toward Scarborough City Centre. Agincourt Collegiate Institute opened in 1915[60] as the Agincourt Continuation School. Scarborough Worldwide Film Festival is an annual celebration of multicultural films held every first week of June. Albert Campbell, who had been reeve since 1957, became Scarborough's first mayor.

It was intended to link Highway 2A with an eastern extension of the Gardiner Expressway.

[55], On May 17, 2006, the Nike Malvern Sports Complex was opened in the Malvern neighbourhood. Pie chart of the ethnic breakdown of Toronto from the 2016 census. Between 1997 and 2006, the proportion of violent crime committed in Scarborough averaged 20.4% despite its making up on average 23.6% of the city's total population over that period. The Toronto area was inhabited by the Iroquois when Europeans first arrived, who had displaced the Wyandot people centuries before. French traders constructed Fort Rouille in the area in 1750, although it was abandoned just nine years later. The inaugural inductees included National Basketball Association player Jamaal Magloire, Olympic gold medalist Vicky Sunohara, and eight prominent residents who contributed to advances in medicine, arts, and the community.

For instance, visible minorities as a percentage of the population only marginally increased, or even decreased (Toronto-Danforth, Parkdale-High Park, Toronto Centre, and, in the 2006–2011 period, Davenport) in the "Old" Toronto, East York and South Etobicoke ridings, while on the other hand increased significantly in Scarborough and North York.

Environment Toronto and Region Conservation Authority (TRCA) City of Toronto -Parks, Gardens & Beaches. [44][45] Amazon will open a new fulfillment centre in north Scarborough in 2020. The Lakeshore East line runs across the south end of the district, while the Stouffville line runs north-south in the west end of Scarborough. [11] The site contains the remains of a camp of nomadic hunters and foragers, and there is no evidence of permanent settlers. Scarborough is a former borough of the former Metropolitan Toronto, and as such, its economy is an integral component of the economy of Toronto. Scarborough is at the eastern terminus of Line 2 Bloor–Danforth of the Toronto subway system. According to the 2016 Census, the racial composition of Toronto was: The most common ancestry groups were: English (12.9%), Chinese (12.0%), Canadian (11.3%), Irish (9.7%), Scottish (9.5%), East Indian (7.6%), Italian (6.9%), Filipino (5.5%), German (4.6%), French (4.5%), and Polish (3.8%). This dump was eventually closed in 1981.

Thus Scarborough is represented by ten councillors. From north to south, the major east–west arterial roads are Steeles Avenue, Finch Avenue, Sheppard Avenue, Ellesmere Road, Lawrence Avenue, Eglinton Avenue and St. Clair Avenue.

Feeding the rapid transit stations are the extensive bus routes operated by the Toronto Transit Commission (TTC) in Scarborough. During the early days of the company, they produced several local shows for their own cable channel. However, because this is such a popular tourist destination, during peak seasons the population can double the population. At the time, the population was just 9,000 and it included many escaped African American slaves. Situated atop the Scarborough Bluffs, it occupies the eastern part of the city. In addition to primary and secondary schools, two post-secondary institutions were established in Scarborough.

These services may be accessed at GO Transit stations. nearly half of the population of Toronto. There are three subway stations in Scarborough: Victoria Park, Warden, and Kennedy.

They were stonemasons who worked on the first parliament buildings for York. From there garbage was trucked to the Keele Valley dump in Vaughan and the Brock Road dump in Pickering. In 1914, Agincourt Continuation School offered education from up to grade 12. Topographically, Scarborough is dominated by two watersheds, Highland Creek and the Rouge River. In 1998, the municipalities of Metropolitan Toronto were amalgamated into a single City of Toronto. This gives Toronto the second-highest percentage of foreign-born residents of all world cities after Miami. Both of these rivers flow into Lake Ontario on Scarborough's shore. Properties located near the brink have been abandoned, and houses condemned, as the brink wears back away from the lake. In 1813, during the War of 1812, the Battle of York ended when the town was captured by the United States. [36] Murder rates for Scarborough and Toronto show no particular trend. It was purchased by Shaw Cable in 1995. "[5] Before that, the area was named Glasgow, after the Scottish city.

In 1973, Scarborough increased in size when the West Rouge area, formerly within the Township of Pickering, was transferred to it with the creation of the Regional Municipality of Durham. [23] The Rouge River Valley forms a part of Rouge National Urban Park, a national urban park situated along the eastern portion of Scarborough, and its neighbouring municipalities. Members of Christian Orthodox churches accounted for 4.9%, and other Christians (those not specifically identifying as Catholic, Protestant or Orthodox) formed 3.9%. Between 1997 and 2006, the ratio of murders in Scarborough as compared to the rest of Toronto ranged from a low of 8.8% to a high of 32.2%.

[26], The vast majority of Scarborough's population is composed of immigrants who have arrived in the last four decades, and their descendants. The 2016 Census indicates that 51.5% of Toronto's population is composed of visible minorities, compared to 49.1% in 2011,[1][2] and 13.6% in 1981.[29]. In 2013, Toronto's population overtook Chicago's, taking its place as the 4th largest city in North America with a population of 2.79 million to Chicago's 2.7 million. It runs at grade for two stops until Ellesmere Road where it becomes elevated until it reaches its terminus at McCowan Road. [15], Both Agincourt Collegiate Institute and R. H. King Academy claim to be the oldest secondary schools in Scarborough. The city is bounded by Lake Ontario to the south, Steeles Ave. to the north, the Rouge River to the east and Victoria Park Avenue to the west. University of Toronto Scarborough. Scarborough has also acquired nicknames related to its diversity. [38] The safest part of Toronto is north Scarborough from Victoria Park Ave. to the Pickering border, north of Highway 401. Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census; Toronto, (CMA) - Ontario, Latin, Central and South American origins, Black Canadians in the Greater Toronto Area, Cambodian Canadians in the Greater Toronto Area, Chinese Canadians in the Greater Toronto Area, Greek Canadians in the Greater Toronto Area, Italian Canadians in the Greater Toronto Area, Japanese Canadians in the Greater Toronto Area, South Asian Canadians in the Greater Toronto Area, Vietnamese Canadians in the Greater Toronto Area, "Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census: Toronto, City (CSD) - Ontario: Immigration and Ethnocultural diversity", "National Household Survey (NHS) Profile, 2011", Toronto in Transition: Demographic Change in the Late Twentieth Century, "Population by selected ethnic origins (Toronto)", "Toronto history FAQs: What was the population of Toronto in various years?

The demographics of Toronto, Ontario, Canada make Toronto one of the most multicultural and multiracial cities in the world.

The 2006 Census data[49] show the following temporal patterns in the sources of immigration to Toronto (and retention of immigrants per source country): The percentage and breakdown of immigrants per place of birth for each City of Toronto Community Council is as follows:[50]. Scarborough retained its own town council but an added layer of government, the Metropolitan Toronto Council, with the reeve of Scarborough having a seat. The earliest newspaper was the Scarborough News and Advertiser which was published weekly starting in September 1921, which lasted until the 1930s. [15], In 1967, Scarborough was incorporated as a borough. [42][43] The pizza chains 241 Pizza and Pizza Nova have their headquarters in Scarborough. Conversely, the Rouge River Valley, parts of which are still in a natural, wooded state. Such nicknames typically use the prefix "Scar" and a suffix derived from the name of a region, nation, or ethnicity; for instance, "Scompton" or "Scarlem", alluding to Compton and Harlem respectively. In 1998, the board was merged with the other Metro boards to form the Toronto District School Board. The Bluffs can be found along the shore of Lake Ontario, stretching about 14 kilometres (8.7 mi), and reaching heights of more than 60 metres (200 ft) in places. Toronto has an estimated population of 2.81 million in 2016. These shows were produced by volunteers and showed a wide variation in quality. Given its diverse population, Toronto is home to many ethnic neighborhoods such as Little India, Greektown, Corso Italia, Chinatown and Little Jamaica.

GO Transit also has a few bus terminals and stops in Scarborough. [17] Initially the council met in the village of Woburn but it was relocated to Birchcliff in 1922, where most of the population was then located. It includes a number of natural landmarks, including the Toronto Zoo, Rouge Park and the Scarborough Bluffs.

The zoo was transformed at that time from a 19th-century zoo with a few animals cramped behind iron bars into a zoo where space was provided to animals and the setting attempted to duplicate the animals' natural environments. Coordinates: 43°46′25″N 79°14′41″W / 43.7737°N 79.2446°W / 43.7737; -79.2446, Suburban districtAdministrative division in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. [3], The area was named after Scarborough in England, United Kingdom by Elizabeth Simcoe, the wife of John Graves Simcoe, the first lieutenant governor of Upper Canada.

(Fire fighting services remained separate.)

[46] Within Canada itself, 43% of all new immigrants to Canada settle in the Greater Toronto Area adding significantly to Toronto's population.

From west to east, the major north–south arterial roads are Victoria Park Avenue, Pharmacy Avenue, Warden Avenue, Birchmount Road, Kennedy Road, Midland Avenue, Brimley Road, McCowan Road, Bellamy Road North, Markham Road, Neilson Road, Morningside Avenue, Meadowvale Road and Port Union Road.[72]. By 1904, 28 schools had been built throughout the township. Other common groups include Portuguese, Jamaican, Jewish, Ukranian and Russian. [21] Due to the location of the Lakeshore CN railway right-of-way, both river deltas are constricted to narrow channels where they flow into the lake.



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